بررسی برخی شاخص‌های مؤثر بر مشارکت در مدیریت پایدار جنگل‌ها (پژوهش موردی: سامان عرفی کلگچی، چهارمحال و بختیاری)

نوع مقاله: علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه جنگلداری، دانشکده منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری، ساری، ایران.

2 دانشجوی دکتری جنگل‌شناسی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری، ساری، ایران.

3 دانشجوی دکتری جنگلداری، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری، ساری، ایران.

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف بررسی وضعیت مشارکت در مدیریت پایدار جنگل­های سامان عرفی کلگچی انجام شد. ابزار اصلی مورد استفاده در این پژوهش پرسشنامه­ای بود که گویه­های مختلف آن توسط پژوهش­های اسنادی و گروه تخصصی متشکل از اساتید برجستة کشور و کارشناسان نخبه انتخاب و بین مردم محلی و کارشناسان توزیع شد. برای تعیین روابط بین شاخص­ها از فن فازی دیمتل و برای تعیین نقش برخی از عوامل اجتماعی و اقتصادی بر مقدار مشارکت مردم در مدیریت پایدار جنگل­ها از مدل رگرسیونی لجستیک استفاده شد. طبق نظر مردم محلی و کارشناسان، مقدار مشارکت مردم محلی در برنامه­ریزی و اجرای طرح­ها در منطقة مورد پژوهش کم تا متوسط است. با تحلیل مدل فازی مشخص شد که شاخص کمک به ارتقاء امکانات و نیروهای انسانی برای حفاظت و احیا، به­عنوان تأثیرگذارترین و همکاری در عملیات اجرایی و فنی به­عنوان تأثیرپذیرترین شاخص مدیریت مشارکتی هستند. متغیر سن و سابقة استفاده از اراضی جنگلی رابطة معکوسی با مقدار مشارکت دارند و نتایج حاصل از آزمون پیرسون نشان داد بین درآمد افراد محلی با شاخص مشارکت در مدیریت پایدار جنگل همبستگی مثبت و معنی­داری وجود دارد. به‌طورکلی، نتایج نشان­دهندۀ مشارکت کم مردم محلی در برنامه­ها و طرح­های اجرایی و حفاظتی بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigation Some Affecting Indicators on Participation in the Sustainable Management of Forests (Case study: traditional area of Kalgachi, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Asghar Fallah 1
  • Mojtaba Imani Rastabi 2
  • Nastaran Nazariani 3
1 Associate Professor, Department of Forestry, Department of Natural Resources, University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Sari, I. R. Iran.
2 PhD Student of Silviculture, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Sari, I. R. Iran.
3 PhD Student of Forestry, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Sari, I. R. Iran.
چکیده [English]

This study aimed to investigation the status of participation in the sustainable management of the Kalgchy traditional area forests. Questionnaire was the main instrument which used in this study, that its various items were chosen by documentary studies and expert panel composed of prominent country experts and elite experts and distributed between local people and experts. Determination of the relationship between indicators was used by fuzzy techniques DEMATEL and for the role of social and economic factors on the participation of communities in sustainable forest management was used by logistic regression model. According to local people and experts, the participation of local people is low to moderate in the planning and implementation of projects. The results of model DEMATEL showed that the "help to upgrade facilities and human resources for the conservation and restoration" as the most influential and "administrative and technical co-operation" as an indicator of richest of participatory management indicators. Age and usage history of the forest area variables had inverse relation with the participation and the Pearson’s test results showed that there is a significant positive correlation between the incomes of local people with participate of sustainable forest management indicators.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Socio-economic
  • DEMATEL
  • Zagros
  • Participatory management and local people
- Abdulla, E. A. & C. Holding, 1988. Forestry and the development of a national forestry extension service a Sudan case study. Social forestry Network, 7 p.

- Anonymous, 2010. Multipurpose forestry plan of district of Lordegan-Kalgachi local system. Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province Natural Resources Administration Office, Iran, 123 p. (In Persian)

- Arayesh, B., S. F. Hosseyni, S. M. Mirdamadi & E. Malek Mohammadi, 2010. Comparison the viewpoints of experts and pastoralists towards the forests and rangelands of the Ilam province, Iranian Journal of Range and Desert Research, 17(3): 377-392. (In Persian)

- Asgharpour, M. J., 2003. Group decision making and games theory with an operations research approach. Tehran University Press, Tehran, 418 p. (In Persian)

 - Aumeeruddy, Y., 1995. Perceiving and managing natural resources in Kerinci, Sumatra, Nature and Resources, 31(1): 28-37.

- Barrow, E. G. C., 1991. Evaluating the effectiveness of participatory agroforestry extension programmers in a pastoral system, based on existing traditional values, Agroforestry Systems, 14(1): 1-21.

- Bell, S., S. Morse & R. A. Shah, 2012. Understanding stakeholder participation in research as part of sustainable development, Journal of Environmental Management, 101: 13-22.

- Bruvoll, A., T. Fihnand & B. Strim, 2003. Quantifying central hypotheses on environmental Kuznets curves for a Rich Economy: A Computable General Equilibrium Study, Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 50(2): 149-173.

- Buchy, M. & S. Hoverman, 2000, Understanding public participation in forest planning: a review, Forest Policy and Economics, 1(1): 15-25.

- Fabiyi, Y. L., 1983. The adoption of co-operative structures to the development of Nigerian agriculture: The problems of managing group farming cooperatives, Agricultural Administration, 12(4): 219-235.

- Fattahi, M., N. Ansari, H. Abasi & M. Hassani, 2000. Management of Zagros Forests (Case Study: Forests of Darbadam in Kermanshah Province). Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands press, Tehran, 472 p. (In Persian)

- Geravand, Z., 2013. Investigating the role of charcoal production in the livelihood of local residents of Aoladqobad (Lorestan-Kuhdasht). M.Sc. thesis. University of Kurdistan. Sanandaj, Iran, 112 p. (In Persian)

- Ghanbari, S., M. Jafari & V. Nasiri, 2015. Effects of conservation programs in changing the pattern of fuel consumption of villagers in the Arasbaran forests, Forest Research and Development, 1(1): 67-83. (In Persian)

- Ghazanfari, H., M. Namiranian, H. Sobhani & R. M. Mohajer, 2004. Traditional forest management and its application to encourage public participation for sustainable forest management in the northern Zagros Mountains of Kurdistan Province, Iran, Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 19(S4): 65-71. (In Persian)

- Habibi, A., S. Ezadyar & A. Sarafrazi, 2014. Fuzzy Multi-Criteria Decision Making. Published by the inscription Gill, 9 p. (In Persian)

- Imani Rastabi, M., H. Jalilvand & M. Zandbasiri, 2013. Examination of Socio-economic Local System Kalgchy Zagrosin Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, Journalnatural ecosystems Iran, 4(2): 59-70. (In Persian)

- Karimian, V., M. Safaee & S. H. Matinkhah, 2014. Using Indigenous Knowledge of Nomadic People as a Suitable Guidance for Optimal Management in Forest Natural Ecosystems, Journal of Wood and Forest Science and Technology, 21(4): 95-114. (In Persian)

- Khosravi, Sh., R. Maleknia & M. Khadrizadeh, 2014. Economic role of forests in rural livelihoods in northern Zagros, Journal of Forest Sustainable Development, 1(3): 251- 268. (In Persian)

- Malekmohammadi, A., 2000. Design a model for reform of forest cooperatives to ensure public participation in forest management organized the north. Conference participation and development of natural resources. The publisher of Forest and Rangelands, 7 pp. (In Persian)

- Moayeri, M. H., A. Abedi-Sarvestani, M. R. Shahraki & Y. Kooseh-Gharvi, 2015. Analysis of relationship between participation and forest rural development (Case Study: Forestry cooperatives in Golestan province), Iranian Journal of forest, 7(2): 138-150. (In Persian)

- Molai, Hashtjin. N., T. Amar & A. Hajalizadeh, 2014. Examine management challenges from the perspective of Islamic councils, the persistence of rural villages in the central region of Ardabil, Geography, 12(40): 73-91. (In Persian)

- Napier, T. L. & A. S. Napier, 1991. Perceptions of conservation compliance among farmers in a highly erodible area of Ohio, Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 46(3): 220-224.

- Rahut, D. B., A. Ali & B. Behera, 2016. Household participation and effects of community forest management on income and poverty levels: Empirical evidence from Bhutan, Forest policy and Economics, 61: 20-29.

- Ribot, J. C., 1995. From Exclusion to participation: turning Senegal’s forestry policy around, World Development, 23(9): 1587-1599.

- Saadi, H., 1993. The field of public participation in sustainable development of natural resources, Forest and grassland, 2(1): 14-6. (In Persian)

- Salam, M. A., T. Noguchi & M. Koike, 2005. Factors influencing the sustained participation of farmers in participatory forestry: a case study in central Sal forests in Bangladesh, Journal of Environmental Management, 74(1): 43-51.

- Satty, T. L. & L. G. Vargas, 2012. Models, methods, concepts & applications of the analytic hierarchy process, Springer Science & Business Media press, London, New York, Vol. 175.

- Scrimgeour, F., A. Mcdermott, C. M. Saundrs, N. M. Shadbolt & G. Sheath, 2006. New Zealand agribusiness success: An approach to exploring the role of strategy, structure and conduct on firm performance. New Zealand agricultural and resource economics society conference, 25-27 August, New Zealand, 7p.

- Uzunovic, E., C. A. Canizares, Z. Huang, Y. Ni, C. M. Shen, F. F. Wu, S. Chen & B. Zhang, 2000. Discussion of" Application of unified power flow controller in interconnected power systems-modeling, interface, control strategy, and case study"[and reply], IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, 15(4): 1461-1462.

- Waligo, V. M., J. Clarke & R. Hawkins, 2013. Implementing sustainable tourism: A multi-stakeholder involvement management framework, Tourism management, 36: 342-353.

- Wu, W. W. & Y. T. Lee, 2007. Developing global managers' competencies using the fuzzy DEMATEL method, Expert System Application, 32(2): 499-507.

- Young, J. C., A. Jordan, K. R. Searle, A. Butler, D. S. Chapman, P. Simmons & A. D. Watt, 2013. Does stakeholder involvement really benefit biodiversity conservation?, Biological Conservation, 158: 359-370.

- Zand Basiri, M. & H. Ghazanfari, 2010. The main consequences of affecting factors on forest management of local settlers in the Zagross forests (case study: Ghalegol watershed in Lorestan province), Iranian journal of forest, 2(2): 127-138. (In Persian)

- Zare, S., M. Namiranian, D. Makhdoom & Shananali A. Fomi, 2009. The effective elements on willingness to participate in operational and conservation activities in Tehran forest parks, Iran Forest Journal, 1(3): 197-208. (In Persian)