ارزیابی سطح دانش محیط زیستی دانشجویان دانشگاه ارومیه

نوع مقاله: علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد جنگلداری، دانشکده منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه جنگلداری، دانشکده منابع طبیعی دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه جنگلداری، دانشکده منابع طبیعی دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

4 دانشیار، گروه جنگلداری، دانشکده منابع طبیعی دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران.

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف بررسی سطح سواد محیط زیستی دانشجویان دانشگاه ارومیه با حجم نمونه 466 نفر از دانشجویان دانشکده­های منابع طبیعی، علوم، فنی و مهندسی، کشاورزی و اقتصاد انجام شد. پرسشنامه مورد استفاده در دو بخش سؤالات عمومی محیط زیستی و سؤالات منطقه­ای محیط زیستی و در قالب طیف پنج­تایی لیکرت تنظیم شد. روایی پرسشنامه به تأیید خبرگان موضوع رسید و به­منظور بررسی پایایی پرسشنامه­ها ضریب آلفای کرونباخ محاسبه شد. برای مقایسه سطح دانش محیط­زیستی دانشجویان دانشکده­های مختلف از تجزیه واریانس یک­طرفه و آزمون مقایسه میانگین­ دانکن و برای بررسی روابط بین سطح دانش محیط­زیستی و شاخص­هایی همچون سن، تعداد اعضای خانواده، تحصیلات پدر، تحصیلات مادر و سطح درآمد ماهانه خانواده از آزمون همبستگی اسپیرمن استفاده شد. در مطالعۀ حاضر بین سطح دانش محیط زیستی عمومی دانشجویان در دانشکده­های مورد بررسی اختلاف معنی­داری وجود نداشت (پنج درصد = ɑ)؛ اما در خصوص دانش محیط­زیستی منطقه­ای، سطح این دانش در دانشجویان دانشکدۀ منابع طبیعی بیشترین و در دانشجویان دانشکدۀ علوم و دانشکدۀ فنی و مهندسی کمترین مقدار را دارا بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigation on environmental knowledge of Urmia University students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Vali Gholizadegan 1
  • Ahmad Alijanpour 2
  • Marziye Hajjarian 3
  • Abbas Banj Shafiei 4
1 MSc. of Forestry, Faculty of Natural Resources, Urmia University, Urmia, I. R. Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Forestry, Faculty of Natural Resources, Urmia University, Urmia, I. R. Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Forestry, Faculty of Natural Resources, Urmia University, Urmia, I. R. Iran
4 Associate Professor, Department of Forestry, Faculty of Natural Resources, Urmia University, Urmia, I. R. Iran
چکیده [English]

This study was conducted to study the environmental literacy of students in Urmia University. In this study, the sample size was determined using the Krejcy-Morgan table. From the 7810 students of Faculty of Natural Resources, Engineering, Agriculture and Economics, 466 students of them responded to the questionnaire by random sampling. The questionnaire used in this research is a researcher-made questionnaire, which includes questions in two sections: general environmental questions and regional environmental questions and is set in quintuple Spectrum Pattern. The validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by the experts and the Cronbach's alpha coefficient was used to assess the reliability of the questionnaires. To compare the level of environmental knowledge of college students, one-way analysis of variance and Duncan's comparison test were used. Spearman correlation test was used to determine the relationship between the level of environmental knowledge and parameters such as age, number of family members, father's education, mother's education and monthly income level of the family. There was no significant difference between the studied faculties (5% = α) regarding to level of general knowledge. However, in the case of regional environmental knowledge, the level of this knowledge is the highest in students of the Faculty of Natural Resources and the least amount was in the students of the Faculty of Science and Engineering.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Age
  • Environment Literacy
  • Graduate Level
  • Job
  • Urmia University
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