شناسایی معیارهای مؤثر سازمانی بر مدیریت پایدار در جنگل‌های زاگرس استان آذربایجان غربی

نوع مقاله: علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد جنگلداری، دانشکده منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران.

2 دانشیار، گروه جنگلداری، دانشکده منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران.

3 استادیار، گروه جنگلداری، دانشکده منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران.

چکیده

به­منظور تعیین و ارزیابی معیارهای مناسب مدیریت پایدار و اولویت­بندی آنها در جنگل­های زاگرس استان آذربایجان غربی، با جمع­آوری نظرات همه افراد مرتبط در مدیریت جنگل به کمک روش نمونه­گیری غیراحتمالی از طریق پرسشنامه­، معیارها تعیین شدند. جامعه آماری حدود 68 نفر بود. سپس معیارهای انتخابی بر اساس رویکرد سازمانی، طبق نظرات و تأیید کارشناسان خبره در چهار حوزه مدیریت، ارگان­های بالاسری، اجتماعی و قوانین و سیاست­ها مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفتند. ارزیابی بر اساس رویکرد تحلیل SWOT برای تعیین عوامل داخلی (نقاط قوت و ضعف) و عوامل خارجی (فرصت­ها و تهدیدها) معیارهای انتخابی در هر چهار حوزه و با استفاده از تحلیل مقایسه­ زوجی و نرم­افزار Super Decisions برای اولویت­بندی معیارها انجام شد. بر اساس نتایج حاصل از تحلیل SWOT از مجموع 91 معیار انتخاب شده، برای حوزه مدیریت 35 معیار، حوزه ارگان­های بالاسری 21 معیار، حوزه اجتماعی 11 معیار و حوزه قوانین و سیاست­ها 24 معیار پذیرفته شد. نتایج اولویت­بندی نشان داد که در حوزه مدیریت معیار «تصمیم­گیری از بالا به پایین» با وزن 096/0، در حوزه ارگان­های بالاسری معیار «زیرمجموعه بودن سازمان جنگل­ها در وزارت کشاورزی و عدم استقلال آن» با وزن 158/0، در حوزه اجتماعی معیار «عدم توسعه اجتماعی، اقتصادی و فرهنگی مناسب منطقه» با وزن 199/0 و در حوزه قوانین و سیاست­ها معیار «عدم آمایش سرزمین و نبود سیستم استعدادیابی» با وزن 114/0 دارای اهمیت بیشتری در منطقه بودند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Recognition of effective institutional criteria on sustainable management of Zagros forests, West Azerbaijan Province, Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Jafar Shami 1
  • Abbas Banj Shafiei 2
  • Omid Hoseinzadeh 3
1 M.Sc of Forestry, Faculty of Natural Resources, Urmia University, Urmia, I. R. Iran.
2 Associate Professor, Department of Forestry, Faculty of Natural Resources, Urmia University, Urmia, I. R. Iran.
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Forestry, Faculty of Natural Resources, Urmia University, Urmia, I. R. Iran.
چکیده [English]

The study aims to identify and assessment appropriate criteria for sustainable management and their prioritization in the Zagros forests of West Azerbaijan province. In this regard, First, by collecting and reviewing the views of all those involved in forest management using non-inferential sampling method and using a questionnaire, the criteria of the study area were determined. The statistical population related to the determination of criteria was about 68 people. Then, selected criteria has been of based on the organizational approach, were evaluated according to the opinions and approvals of experts (about 35 people) in the four fields management, overhead institutions, social and laws and political. Evaluation was performed based on SWOT analysis approach to determine the internal factors (strengths and weaknesses) and external factors (opportunities and threats) selection criteria in each four areas, and prioritization of the criteria using pairwise comparison analysis and Super Decisions. Based on the results of SWOT analysis from a total of 91 selected criteria, for the management area of 35 criteria, the overhead institutions area of 21 criteria, the social area of 11 criteria and the laws and policies area of 24 criteria were accepted. Prioritization results showed that in the management area criteria of "top-down decision making" with a weight of 0.96, in the area of overhead institutions, the criteria “dependent and subsistence of the forestry organization in the Ministry of Agriculture" with a weight of 0.158, in the social area the criteria of "undeveloped social, economic and cultural attributes of the region" with a weight of 0.199 and in the laws and policies area, the criterion "lack of land use and of talent selection systems" with a weight of 0.114 was more important.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Criteria
  • Delphi method
  • Pairwise comparison
  • Sustainable management
  • SWOT analytic
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