اثر کود دامی و ورمی‌کمپوست بر افزایش تحمل شوری گیاه باران طلایی‌

نوع مقاله: علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه علوم باغبانی دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه اردکان

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد گروه علوم باغبانی دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه اردکان

3 استادیار مرکز ملی تحقیقات شوری، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، یزد، ایران

چکیده

در این پژوهش اثر سطوح مختلف شوری، کود گاوی و ورمی­کمپوست بر مقدار رشد و افزایش مقاومت به شوری نهال­های دوساله مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. آزمایش به­صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی، سه سطح از مواد اصلاحی (خاک زراعی، 80 درصد خاک زراعی + 20 درصد ورمی­کمپوست، 80 درصد خاک زراعی + 20 درصد کود گاوی کاملاً پوسیده) و شوری آب آبیاری در سه سطح شامل (1، 4 و 7 dS.m-1)، هرکدام با سه تکرار درون گلخانه انجام شد. در این آزمایش بستر بدون کود به­عنوان شاهد در­نظر گرفته شد. طول دوره اعمال تنش سه ماه بود. نتایج نشان داد که با افزایش شوری، شاخص­های رشدی، کلروفیل، وزن تر و خشک گیاه به­طور معنی­داری کاهش و مقدار فعالیت آنزیم کاتالاز و جذب سدیم و کلر افزایش یافت. تیمار ورمی­کمپوست بهتر از شاهد و کود گاوی منجر به افزایش وزن ­تر و خشک ساقه، محتوای نسبی آب برگ و مقدار پتاسیم شد. بیشترین وزن تر و خشک ساقه به­ترتیب با مقادیر 83/239 و 53/143 گرم در سطح شوری متوسط (dS.m-1 4) و تیمار ورمی­کمپوست حاصل شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of cow manure and vermicompost on increasing salt tolerance of golden rain tree

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Dehestani-Ardakani 1
  • Masoud Dashti 2
  • Mostafa Shirmardi 1
  • Ali Momenpour 3
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Horticultural Science, Faculty of Agriculture & Natural Resources, Ardakan University, Ardakan, Iran
2 MSc student, Department of Horticultural Science, Faculty of Agriculture & Natural Resources, Ardakan University, Ardakan, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, National Salinity Research Center, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Yazd, Iran
چکیده [English]

In this study, the effects of different levels of salt, cow manure and vermicompost on plant growth and increasing the salt tolerance of two years plants, were investigated. In a factorial experiment and completely randomized design (CRD), three levels of organic amendments (1- soil 2- 80% v/v soil + 20% v/v vermicompost, 3- 80% v/v soil + 20% v/v cow manure) and three levels of salinity (1, 4 and 7 dS.m-1) with three replications per treatments in greenhouse were applied. In this experiment, media without organic amendment was considered as control. Stress duration was three months. Results showed that increasing soil salinity levels progressively decreased the growth characteristics, chlorophyll, and fresh and dry weight of plant and increased activity of catalase and sodium and chloride absorption. Vermicomposte treatment better than control and cow manure increased fresh and dry weight of shoot, relative water content of leaves and potassium. The highest fresh and dry weight of shoots, were obtained in the moderate salinity level (4 ds/m) and vermicompost treatment by 239.83 and 143.53 g respectively. Using of cow manure and vermicompost in low level of salt (1 dS.m-1) did not show significant effect on sodium absorption.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Chlorophyll
  • Culture medium
  • Goldenrain
  • Organic fertilizers
  • Salt stress
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