ارزیابی تقاضای مصرف چوب هیزمی خانوارهای جنگل‌نشین زاگرس مرکزی، بررسی موردی: ناحیه عرفی سردشت، شهرستان لردگان‌

نوع مقاله: علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 1- کارشناس ارشد جنگلداری، دانشکده منابع طبیعی و علوم زمین، دانشگاه شهرکرد

2 گروه علوم جنگل، دانشکده منابع طبیعی و علوم زمین دانشگاه شهرکرد، شهرکرد، ایران.

چکیده

از وابستگی‌های شدید جوامع محلی در جنگل‌های زاگرس مرکزی، استفاده از چوب جنگلی برای مصارف مختلف است. در این پژوهش به تحلیل مقدار تقاضای مصرف چوب در جنگل‌های ناحیه عرفی سردشت شهرستان لردگان در استان چهارمحال‌ و بختیاری پرداخته شد. روش پژوهش توصیف و تحلیل کمی با بهره‌گیری از مصاحبه نیمه­ساختاریافته بود. در همین راستا 170 پرسش‌نامه با مصاحبه از سرپرست خانوار تکمیل و مورد تجزیه‌وتحلیل قرار گرفته است. برای برآورد حجم چوب مصرفی از رابطه برآورد حجم هوبر استفاده شد. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که به­طور متوسط هر خانوار جنگلی سالیانه 08/18 مترمکعب چوب بلوط برای 12 مصرف مختلف شامل گرم کردن آب (استحمام و شست‌‌وشو)، پخت نان، بخاری، طبخ غذا، گرم کردن شیر و دوغ، ابزار کشاورزی، خانه‌سازی، ساخت انبار و طویله، حصارکشی، سرشاخه برای دام، زغال­گیری و برداشت هیزم برای فروش استفاده می‌کند. مطابق نتایج به‌دست‌آمده همبستگی معنی­داری بین متغیرهای سن سرپرست خانوار، هزینه خانوار، مقدار تحصیلات، تعداد دام و مقدار برداشت محصول زراعی با تقاضا برای مصرف چوب جنگلی در منطقه وجود دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Demand of wood consumption in forest dwellers of central Zagros, case study: Sardasht customary Region, Lordegan Township

نویسندگان [English]

  • fatemeh eshaghi 1
  • Beytollah Mahmoudi 2
1 MS.C. of forestry, Faculaty of natural resources and earth sciences, Shahrekord university
2 ., Department of forest sciences, Faculty of natural resources and earth sciences, Shahrekord university , Shahrekord. Iran.
چکیده [English]

One of the most extreme dependencies of local communities in the central Zagros forests is using forest wood for different consumptions. In this study, the demand for forest wood in the Sardasht forests of Lordegan city, in the province of Chahar Mahal –O- Bakhtiari, was studied. The used method in this research is descriptive and quantitative analysis via semi-structured interview. In this regard, 170 interviews and questionnaires were completed by household headman and then analyzed. To estimate the volume of wood consumption, the equation of Huber volume was used. The results showed that, on average, every forest household uses 18.08 cubic meters of Oak annually for 12 different consumptions, including of: heating water (bath and wash) and air, baking bread, cooking, heating the milk and buttermilk, agricultural instruments, building house, building warehouse and shelter, fencing, tree branches for cattle, making charcoal, and harvesting firewood for sale. According to the results, there is a significant correlation between the age of household headman, cost of household, education level, number of cattle and harvesting crops with consumption of wood forest.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Forest villages
  • Fuelwood
  • Lordegan
  • Socio-economic indicators
  • Zagros
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