Guide for Authors

All authors are requested to note the following important point prior to submitting their manuscript:


Forest Research and Development (FRD) is published by Urmia University. Since education at all levels has a very important role in sustainable development, this journal aims to present the application of modern and emerging technologies in education and is ready to publish professors and students’ academic articles in the scope of the journal that is Forestry. ​FRD publishes selected articles in the form of quarterly and separate Persian volumes after reviewing process. The purpose of this work is to provide the most important general rules of the journal and a suitable template for writing articles that are eligible to be published in FRD.


Type of Articles that can be published in FRD

Original Research Papers  

Review Articles

Case Studies

Short Communication


The general layout of the manuscript

The submitted articles should only have nine main titles (and a number of sub-titles as needed) as follows:


Abstract, introduction, methods, results, discussion, conclusion, acknowledgements, conflict of interest, references.


A) The manuscripts should be typed with a single line space with Microsoft Word and uploaded along with its pdf file to the journal’s website at It should be noted that all the steps of reviewing the manuscript and subsequent follow-ups will be done through FRD website.

B) The original version should be typed in single column and during proof making would be adjusted in two columns.

C) Avoid using English words and expressions that have a common Persian equivalent. If necessary, insert the English equivalent of the words in parentheses opposite the word. Avoid inserting English words in a footnote.

D) The conclusion section should be very short and only include the results extracted from the article itself. That is, avoid mentioning any results previously presented in other articles and also from stating the reasons for the results obtained in the current research. If the content of this section is more than two paragraphs, the publisher reserves the right to remove irrelevant and redundant content of the conclusion section and limit its amount to a maximum of two paragraphs.


Organization of the manuscript

Research papers including title, abstract, keywords, introduction, methods, results, discussion, conclusion, references should be set according to the following specifications.

A) The title of the article: It should be as short as possible, clear, free of acronyms and considering the sub-title should not exceed 17 words.

B) Name of the author(s): In the other word file below the title of the article, the name of the author or authors and their organizational affiliation should be stated according to the publisher’s format. The e-mail address of the corresponding author and other author(s) will be written in the section specified on the first page. It is necessary for the author to be a member of the faculty and to send the article from his/her university e-mail address.

Academic address includes:

Degree, specialty, department, department or research center, college/faculty, university, city, country

C) Abstract: includes a brief statement of the problem, the main ideas and methods used. The abstract should include background and objectives, methods and materials, findings, and conclusions. It is necessary to mention the most important results and innovations in the abstract and it should be at least 250 words. In the abstract section, no reference should be made to the equation or references of the article.

D) Introduction: It should include a description of the problem, a complete review of past activities and related research, and finally a statement of research objectives. The division of this section should be adjusted according to the publisher’s format. Therefore, it is necessary to merge topics such as ‘significance of the study’, ‘purpose of the study’, ‘research objectives’, or ‘research background’ in the Introduction section. Also, the innovation and research objectives should be stated briefly and clearly at the end of the introduction. In addition, avoid repeating the content in different sections of the article. In the research background section, do not include the titles of the articles or books reviewed, the year of publication and the first names of the authors of the work.

E) Methods: includes a description of the research method, research questions, statistical population and sample, research procedure, instrumentation and how to solve the problem (or statistical analysis) accurately.

F) Mathematical relations: It is written with Math Type software and numbered in the following order:                     (1)

 G) Figures and tables: Since the contents of the publication are set in 8 cm columns, it is necessary to prepare the original figures and tables within 8 or 16 cm. Descriptions of these items should also be provided in the appropriate size and the captions (for tables) and subtitles (for figures, charts and tables) should be numbered, respectively. Large figures, charts, and tables should be adjusted at the top or bottom of the page, with the text of the article either at the top or bottom of the page.

Also, descriptions of figures, charts and tables should be bilingual. Write the Persian description with B Nazanin Bold-9 and the English description with Calibri Bold-7. Also, all the contents of the figures, tables, etc., including numbers and text, must be in both Persian and English and must be written with Calibri Bold-7. It should be mentioned that the Persian content should be typed with B Nazanin -9. How to prepare tables is based on APA version 6. Therefore, all vertical lines in the table need to be invisible. Horizontal lines are only visible at the top and bottom of the table.

 H) Results and discussion: It should include diagrams and tables obtained from research, discussion and argumentation on results and innovations, as well as discussion on the validation of the obtained results. 

I) Conclusion: It should include a brief overview of the issues raised in the article, reconsideration and discussion of the most important results and finally a brief and useful summary. Refrain from referring to others’ research results and mentioning the reasons for the results of the present research. The whole conclusion should be limited to two paragraphs. Also, do not mention any suggestions for further research in the body of the article.

J) References: References must be in English. Persian sources should also be translated accurately into English. It is necessary to include ‘In Persian’ at the end of each translated reference. All the sources mentioned in the references section should be mentioned in the text of the article. It is necessary to mention the complete specifications of the references, according to the examples provided at the end of this article.

FRD follows ACS Citing and Referencing Style. Use ACS Endnote style to cite references in the text.


Citing references in text


By author name and year of publication in parentheses (author-date system):

  • With one or two authors (O'Brien and Alenno, 2005; Axelrod, 2003).
  • More than two authors: provide the surname of the first author listed, and then "et al." (Finnegan et al., 2004).




Book (without editor)

  • Lehman, J. W. Operational organic chemistry: a problem-solving approach to the laboratory course, 4th ed.; Pearson Prentice Hall: Upper Saddle River, N.J., 2009; p 57.


Book Chapter (from an edited book)

  • Nishiyama, H.; Shiomi, T. Reductive Aldol, Michael, and Mannich Reactions. In Metal Catalyzed Reductive C-C Bond Formation: A Departure from Preformed Organometallic Reagents; Krische, M. J., Ed.; Springer: Berlin, 2007; pp 105-138.



  • Dyall, K. G.; Faegri, K. Introduction to relativistic quantum chemistry [Online]; Oxford University Press: Oxford, UK, 2007; p 15. (accessed Jun 14, 2010).


Journal Articles

  • Beygi Heidarlou, H.; Banj Shafie, A.; erfanian, M., Evaluating the Fuzzy Weighted Linear Combination Method in Forest Fire Risk Mapping (Case study: Sardasht Forests, West Azerbaijan Province, IRAN). Journal of Wood & Forest Science and Technology 2015, 22 (3), 29-52. (In Persian)
  • Haidari, R. H., Presentation a new Joint-point Sampling method estimator for tree density Forest Research and Development 2020, 6 (3), 505-517. (In Persian)
  • Lemus-Canovas, M.;  Martin-Vide, J.;  Moreno-Garcia, M. C.; Lopez-Bustins, J. A., Estimating Barcelona's metropolitan daytime hot and cold poles using Landsat-8 Land Surface Temperature. Science of the Total Environment 2020, 699, 134307.


Theses & Dissertations



  • Chandrakanth, J. S. Effects of Ozone on the Colloidal Stability of Particles Coated with Natural Organic Matter. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, 1994.


  • Devanathan, G. The design of substrates for Cathepsin X. Masters Thesis [Online], Concordia University, Montreal, QC, 2003. (accessed June 14, 2010).
  • Alkaloid, 2009. (accessed June 14, 2010).
  • Zeng, Y. Pentachlorophenol Family Pathway Map, 2008. University of Minnesota Biocatalysis/Biodegradation Database. (accessed May 3, 2009).
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