شناسایی و تحلیل نقاط قوت، ضعف، فرصت‌ها و تهدیدهای فراروی سازمان‌های مردم‌نهاد در مدیریت پایدار ‏عرصه‌های جنگلی استان گلستان

نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد جنگلداری، دانشکده علوم جنگل، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان، گرگان، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه جنگلداری، دانشکده علوم جنگل، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان، گرگان، ایران

3 دانشیار، گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده مدیریت کشاورزی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان، گرگان، ایران

4 کارشناس اداره کل منابع طبیعی و آبخیزداری و دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد توسعه روستایی، دانشکده مدیریت کشاورزی، دانشگاه علوم ‏کشاورزی و ‏منابع طبیعی گرگان، گرگان، ایران

چکیده

باوجود تلاش­های انجام­شده در شکل­گیری و نقش­آفرینی سازمان­های مردم­نهاد در حفاظت و پایداری عرصه­های منابع طبیعی، سازمان­های مردم­نهاد هنوز نتوانسته­اند جایگاه مناسب را کسب کنند. این پژوهش با هدف شناخت نقاط قوت، ضعف، فرصت­ها­ و تهدیدهای فراروی سازمان­های مردم­نهاد ­محیط زیستی در مدیریت پایدار عرصه­های جنگلی انجام شد. جمعیت مورد بررسی شامل کارشناسان و اعضای 12 سازمان مردم­نهاد منابع طبیعی و زیست­محیطی در استان گلستان بود که 120 نفر از آن­ها به­عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند. ابزار جمع­آوری اطلاعات پرسشنامه محقق­ساخته­ بود که سوالات آن بر مبانی نظرات کارشناسان و اعضای سازمان­های مردم­نهاد طی 60 مصاحبه تنظیم شد. برای تجزیه و تحلیل اطلاعات از روش SWOT استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که وزن نقاط قوت بیشتر از وزن نقاط ضعف و وزن تهدیدها بیشتر از فرصت­های فراروی سازمان­های مردم­نهاد است. بر مبنای برآیند عوامل درونی و بیرونی، بهترین استراتژی برای سازمان­های مردم­نهاد، استراتژی تهاجمی است که در آن بر استفاده از نقاط قوت و فرصت­های موجود برای گسترش فعالیت­های سازمان­های مردم­نهاد تأکید می­شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identification and analysis of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats facing ‎NGOs in ‎sustainable management of forest areas in Golestan province

نویسندگان [English]

  • Gholamreza Etemadinasab 1
  • Mohammad Hadi moayeri 2
  • ahmad abedi-sarvestani 3
  • mohammadreza shahraki 4
1 M.Sc. student of Forestry, Faculty of Forestry Sciences, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and ‎‎Natural Resources, Gorgan, I. R. Iran‎
2 Associate Professor, Department of Forestry, Faculty of Forestry Sciences, Gorgan University of ‎Agricultural Sciences and ‎Natural Resources, Gorgan, I. R. Iran‎
3 Associate Professor, Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Agricultural Management, Gorgan ‎‎University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, I. R. Iran‎
4 Development, Faculty of Agricultural Management, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and ‎Natural ‎Resources, Gorgan, I. R. Iran
چکیده [English]

Despite the efforts made in the formation of non-governmental organizations and their role in the protection and sustainability of natural resources, non-governmental organizations have not yet been able to gain a proper position. The aim of this study was to identify the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats facing NGOs in environmental and sustainable forest management. The study population included experts and members of 12 natural resources and environment non-governmental organizations in Golestan province, 120 of whom were selected as the sample. The data collection tool was a researcher-made questionnaire in which the questions were designed based on the opinions of experts and members of non-governmental organizations obtained during 60 interviews. SWOT method was used to analyze the data. The results showed that the weight of strengths is more than the weight of weaknesses and the weight of threats is more than the weight of opportunities faced by NGOs. Based on the results of analyzing internal and external factors, the best strategy for NGOs is an offensive strategy that emphasizes the use of existing strengths and opportunities to expand the activities of NGOs.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sustainable management
  • Forest
  • conservation
  • NGO‎
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