اولویت‌بندی مؤلفه‌های مؤثر بر توسعه گردشگری مبتنی بر جنگل (بررسی موردی: جنگل‌های ارسباران)‏

نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت جنگل، گروه جنگلداری، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه،‌ ‏ایران

2 استادیار گروه جنگلداری، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه جنگلداری، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

چکیده

با توجه به افزایش روزافزون تقاضا برای فعالیت­های گردشگری در مناطق جنگلی، ضروری است که توسعه گردشگری مبتنی بر جنگل بر اساس برنامه‌ریزی صحیح و متناسب با نیاز گردشگران و ظرفیت­های طبیعی این مناطق انجام شود. از این­رو در این پژوهش مؤلفه­های مؤثر بر توسعه گردشگری مبتنی بر جنگل شناسایی و اولویت­بندی شدند. در این پژوهش برای شناسایی مؤلفه‌های مؤثر بر توسعه گردشگری متناسب با مناطق جنگلی، از پرسشنامه و برای اولویت‌بندی آن­ها از روش تاپسیس استفاده شد. پانل متخصصین این پژوهش شامل متخصصان حوزه گردشگری اعم از استادان دانشگاه، متخصصین سازمان جنگل­ها، مراتع و آبخیزداری کشور، سازمان حفاظت محیط­زیست و متخصصین وزارت میراث فرهنگی، صنایع دستی و گردشگری بود. نتایج نشان داد، مؤلفه‌های ((بازنگری مناطق متمرکز گردشگری بر اساس ظرفیت برد)) با وزن 948/0، ((توسعه زنجیره ارزش توریسم در مقاصد گردشگری)) با وزن 934/0 و ((ارتقای شبکه حمل و نقل)) با وزن 894/0 در اولویت­های اول تا سوم قرار گرفتند. مهم­ترین مؤلفه­ شناخته شده در این پژوهش ((بازنگری مناطق متمرکز گردشگری بر اساس ظرفیت برد)) بود که نشان داد هرگونه توسعه اعم از توسعه زنجیره ارزش، زیرساخت­­ها و توسعه اقتصادی و اجتماعی مناطق گردشگری جنگلی بدون درنظر گرفتن ظرفیت برد متناسب نیست و نتیجه نهایی نشان داد که درنظر گرفتن جنبه محیط­زیستی برای توسعه گردشگری مبتنی بر جنگل از جایگاه ویژه­ای برخوردار است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Prioritization of effective components on the development of forest-based tourism (case ‎study: Arasbaran forests)‎

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Dana Alamdari 1
  • Marzieh Hajjarian 2
  • Omid Hossein Zadeh 2
  • Javad Eshaghi Rad 3
1 Department of Forestry/Faculty of Natural Resources
2 Faculty of Natural Resources, Urmia University
3 Associate professor, Forestry department, Faculty of Natural Resources, Urmia University, Urmia
چکیده [English]

Due to the increasing demand for tourism activities in forest areas, it is necessary to develop forest-based tourism based on proper planning and in accordance with the needs of tourists and the natural capacities of these areas. Therefore, in this study, the effective components of the development of forest-based tourism were identified and prioritized. In this research, to identify the effective factors on the development of tourism in proportion to the forest areas, the documentary method and the questionnaire were used to prioritize them using the TOPSIS method. The panel of experts in the study included university professors, tourism graduates, experts in the Cultural Heritage, Arts and Tourism Organization and Natural Resources administration. According to the results, the components of ((review of concentrated tourism areas based on carrying capacity)) with a weight of 0.947, ((Development of the tourism value chain in tourism destinations)) with a weight of 0.933 and ((improving the transportation network)) with a weight of 0.893 are the first to third priorities. The most important component known in the present study was ((review of concentrated tourism areas based on carrying capacity)) which showed that any development including value chain development, infrastructure and economic and social development of forest tourism areas without considering the carrying capacity is not appropriate. The final result showed that considering the environmental aspect for the development of forest-based tourism has critical importance‎.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Empowerment
  • community-based
  • Carrying capacity
  • Management
  • Tourism destinations
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